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International & Comparative Law

The following key documents of the ILO are relevant to the topic of workplace discrimination and equality:

  1. The Declaration of Philadelphia, annex to the ILO Constitution. Available online at:http://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=1000:62:0::NO:62:P62_LIST_ENTRIE_ID:2453907:NO
  2. ILO Declaration on Social Justice for a Fair Globalization. Available online at:http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/—dgreports/—cabinet/documents/genericdocument/wcms_099766.pdf 
  3. 1998 Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work. Available online at:http://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=1000:62:0::NO:62:P62_LIST_ENTRIE_ID:2453911:NO

The ILO has also adopted the following conventions related to workplace discrimination and equality:

  1. C100 – Equal Remuneration Convention, 1951. Also available online at: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=NORMLEXPUB:12100:0::NO:12100:P12100_INSTRUMENT_ID:312245:NO
  2. C111 – Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention, 1958 . Also available online at:http://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=NORMLEXPUB:12100:0::NO:12100:P12100_INSTRUMENT_ID:312256:NO
  3. C156 – Workers with Family Responsibilities Convention, 1981. Also available online at:http://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=NORMLEXPUB:12100:0::NO:12100:P12100_INSTRUMENT_ID:312301:NO
  4. C169 – Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989. Also available online at:http://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=NORMLEXPUB:12100:0::NO:12100:P12100_INSTRUMENT_ID:312314:NO
  5. C183 – Maternity Protection Convention 2000. Also available online at: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=NORMLEXPUB:55:0:::55:P55_TYPE,P55_LANG,P55_DOCUMENT,P55_NODE:REV,en,C183,/Document

European Union

The primary sources of European Union law related to workplace discrimination and equality are: 

  1. Consolidated versions of the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. Also available online at: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/JOHtml.do?uri=OJ:C:2010:083:SOM:EN:HTML 
  2. Charter of the Fundamental Rights of the European Union. Also available online at: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:C:2010:083:0389:0403:EN:PDF 

The European Union has also promulgated the following directives related to workplace discrimination and equality:

  1. Directive 2000/43/EC implementing the principle of equal treatment between persons irrespective of racial or ethnic origin. Also available online at: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2000:180:0022:0026:EN:PDF
  2. Council Directive 2000/78/EC of 27 November 2000 establishing a general framework for equal treatment in employment and occupation. Also available online at: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2000:303:0016:0022:EN:PDF 
  3. Directive 2006/54/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 July 2006 on the implementation of the principle of equal opportunities and equal treatment of men and women in matters of employment and occupation (recast). Also available online at: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2006:204:0023:0036:EN:PDF 
  4. Council Directive 2000/78/EC of 27 November 2000 establishing a general framework for equal treatment in employment and occupation. Also available online at: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2000:303:0016:0022:EN:PDF 
  5.  Directive 2010/41/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 7 July 2010 on the application of the principle of equal treatment between men and women engaged in an activity in a self-employed capacity and repealing Council Directive 86/613/EEC. Also available online at: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2010:180:0001:0006:EN:PDF
  6. Directive 79/7/EEC of 19 December 1978 on the progressive implementation of the principle of equal treatment for men and women in matters of social security. Also available online at: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:1979:006:0024:0025:EN:PDF 
  7. Council Directive 92/85/EEC of 19 October 1992 on the introduction of measures to encourage improvements in the safety and health at work of pregnant workers and workers who have recently given birth or are breastfeeding. Also available online at:  http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:1992:348:0001:0007:EN:PDF
  8. Council Directive 2010/18/EU  of 8 March 2010  implementing the revised Framework Agreement on parental leave concluded by BUSINESSEUROPE, UEAPME, CEEP and ETUC and repealing Directive 96/34/EC. Also available online at:  http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2010:068:0013:0020:EN:PDF

The United Kingdom:

The United Kingdom has recently consolidated all of its legislation dealing with workplace discrimination and equality into one act, the Equality Act 2010, 2010 c 15. Note that some changes are pending to the official version of the legislation. Search for amendments online at http://www.legislation.gov.uk/. The Equality Act 2010 is also available online at: http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2010/15

The United States of America:

The Federal government of the United States of America has enacted the following legislation dealing with workplace discrimination and equality (note that some states also have legislation dealing with this topic):

  1. Civil Rights Act 42 USC, Chapter 21 (See Subchapter VI – Equal Employment Opportunities).  Also available online at: http://www.eeoc.gov/laws/statutes/titlevii.cfm
  2. Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 29 USC, Chapter 14. Also available online at:http://www.eeoc.gov/laws/statutes/adea.cfm
  3. Equal Opportunity for Individuals with Disabilities 42 USC, Chapter 126, secs. 12101-12213 (also known as the Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990). Also available online at: http://www.eeoc.gov/laws/statutes/ada.cfm
  4. The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 H.R. 493 (see Title II). Also available online at: http://www.eeoc.gov/laws/statutes/gina.cfm
  5. Equal Pay Act of 1963 (Pub. L. 88-38), as amended, as it appears in volume 29 of the United States Code, at section 206(d). Also available online at: http://www.eeoc.gov/laws/statutes/epa.cfm
  6. Rehabilitation Act of 1973 as it appears in 29 USC, Chapter 16 (see section 791 and on). Also available online at: http://www.eeoc.gov/laws/statutes/rehab.cfm

Canada

The Federal government of Canada has enacted the following legislation dealing with workplace discrimination and equality (note that each Canadian province also has legislation dealing with this topic):

  1. Employment Equity Act, S.C. 1995, c. 44. Also available online at: http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/E-5.401/index.html
  2. Canadian Human Rights Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. H-6. Also available online at: http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/H-6/

 Sweden

In 2008, the Swedish government consolidated its discrimination legislation into one act, the Discrimination Act,Swedish Code of Statutes 2008:567. Also available online at: http://www.government.se/sb/d/3926/a/118187

In addition, see the Parental Leave Act, 1995:584. Also available online at:http://www.government.se/sb/d/5807/a/104985

 

SA Labour Law Teachers Network

Contact details for the SA Labour Law Teachers Network can be found here